A guide to Sciatica

Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve, found between the lower back and upper leg, becomes irritated or compressed. It is most commonly seen to affect those with a herniated or slipped disc.

Sciatica will occur over time as a result of excessive sitting, bending or lifting activities. However, it is possible for an individual to begin suffering from sciatic pain immediately after a sudden impact.

Those suffering from sciatica are likely to suffer from an intense surge of pain that runs deep within the lower back, before spread into the buttocks and lower leg.

Additionally, those suffering will feel a weakness in their legs as well as nerve symptoms such as pins and needles and numbness.

In order to fully diagnose sciatica, you will need to see either a doctor or physiotherapist who will be able to examine the area before either an X-ray or MRI scan will take place to confirm the diagnosis and rule out any further complications.

The treatment methods used to teat sciatica will be dependent on the cause of the injury, such as treating a slipped sic or spondylosis.

However, to minimise the pain of sciatica those suffering should limit the amount they bend and lift as well as sitting in low, soft chairs. Additionally, applying ice to the area or the use of anti-inflammatory medication can offer pain relief.

Physiotherapy is also recommended as following structured back exercises and stretches can help improve the condition and relieve pain from the area.

Here at Firstaid4port we also offer a range of back braces and supports which can help with the symptoms of sciatica.

SUMMARY

Causes

  • Overuse injury
  • Twisting force or direct impact to the knee
  • Rapid direction changes
  • Tackling, collisions and falls (common in football and rugby)
  • Landing from a jump

Symptoms

  • Popping sensation and pain in the knee
  • Pain at the inner aspect of the knee
  • Swelling and inflammation
  • Inability to bear weight

Treatment

  • RICE method
  • Anti-inflammatory Medication
  • Supports and Braces
  • Strengthening and Stretching exercises
  • Surgery

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